USDA 42-A-1368 Carla Steffensmeier Dog Breeder
Carla Steffensmeier dog breeders USDA Licenses No. 42-A-1368
Carla Steffensmeier dog breeder kennels has a perfect record of over nine (9) years of no direct violations. Carla Steffensmeier's dog breeder kennels have a perfect USDA inspection reports in her state-of-the-art kennel in West Point, Iowa.
USDA APHID inspection requirements for professional dog breeders:
For nearly 50 years, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has enforced the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to protect certain animals from inhumane treatment and neglect. Congress passed the AWA in 1966 and strengthened the law through amendments in 1970, 1976, 1985, 1990, 2002, 2007, and 2008. The USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) administers the AWA, its standards, and its regulations.
The AWA requires that basic standards of care and treatment be provided for certain animals bred and sold for use as pets, used in biomedical research, transported commercially, or exhibited to the public. Individuals who operate facilities in these categories must provide their animals with adequate care and treatment in the areas of housing, handling, sanitation, nutrition, water, veterinary care, and protection from extreme weather and temperatures. Although Federal requirements establish basic standards, regulated businesses are encouraged to exceed these standards.
The AWA regulates the care and treatment of warm-blooded animals, except those (such as farm animals) that are used for food, fiber, or other agricultural purposes. Currently, coldblooded animals, such as snakes and alligators, are exempt from coverage under the Act. Animal shelters and pounds are regulated if they sell dogs or cats to dealers or research facilities. Pets owned by private citizens are not regulated.
The AWA regulates the care and treatment of warmblooded animals, except those (such as farm animals) that are used for food, fiber, or other agricultural purposes. Currently, coldblooded animals, such as snakes and alligators, are exempt from coverage under the Act. Animal shelters and pounds are regulated if they sell dogs or cats to dealers or research facilities. Pets owned by private citizens are not regulated.
The AWA requires that all individuals or businesses dealing with animals covered under the law must be licensed or registered with APHIS.
Regulated research facilities include hospitals, colleges and universities, diagnostic laboratories, and many private firms in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. In addition to providing basic standards of veterinary care and animal husbandry, regulated research facilities must provide dogs with the opportunity for exercise and promote the psychological well-being of nonhuman primates used in laboratories. Researchers must use methods to avoid or minimize discomfort, distress, and pain to the regulated animals unless withholding such methods is scientifically justified. The AWA also forbids the unnecessary duplication of previous experiments using regulated animals.
Research facilities must establish an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee to oversee the use of animals in experiments. This committee is responsible for ensuring that the facility remains in compliance with the AWA and for providing documentation of all areas of compliance to APHIS. The committee must be composed of at least three members, including one veterinarian and one person who is not affiliated with the facility in any way
Attending veterinarians play a crucial role in ensuring the humane treatment of animals under the Animal Welfare Act. Dealers, exhibitors, and research facilities employ attending veterinarians to provide adequate veterinary care to their animals and to oversee other aspects of animal care and use. In this role, veterinarians have the opportunity to expand their practice, provide veterinary care to a large number of diverse kinds of animals, and work alongside their clients and Animal Care to ensure the humane treatment of more than two million regulated animals.
The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) was passed to assure that humane care is provided to animals sold as pets or used in research, experimentation, or exhibition. As an attending veterinarian working with the licensee or registrant of a facility regulated by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), you will play a crucial role in ensuring the provision of adequate veterinary care and overseeing the adequacy of other aspects of animal care and use.
This module explains the role of the part-time attending veterinarian, their relationship with a USDA-regulated facility and USDA inspectors, and general knowledge of the Animal Welfare Act. Full-time attending veterinarians for USDA-regulated facilities will also find this presentation helpful.
After completing this module, you will:
Know some of the benefits of becoming an attending veterinarian
Understand the Animal Welfare Act and Animal Welfare regulations for facilities with a part-time attending veterinarian
Be able to explain the regulatory requirements of licensees and registrants to provide veterinary care
Be able to explain the role of the part-time attending veterinarian
Be able to describe the elements of programs of adequate veterinary care
Understand why a USDA inspector may contact you to ask about veterinary care at a regulated facility for which you are serving as an attending veterinarian
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Other information links for Carla Steffensmeier professional dog breeder.
What is Entropion in Dogs?
Entropion is a genetic condition in which a portion of the eyelid is inverted or folded inward. This can cause an eyelash or hair to irritate and scratch the surface of the eye, leading to corneal ulceration or perforation. It can also cause dark-colored scar tissue to build up over the wound (pigmentary keratitis). These factors may cause a decrease or loss of vision.
Entropion is fairly common in dogs and is seen in a wide variety of breeds, including short-nosed breeds, giant breeds, and sporting breeds. Entropion is almost always diagnosed around the time a puppy reaches its first birthday. Conscientious dog breeders will have their breeding stock certified free of this common congenital breeding defect found in many breeds of dogs.
What is a Heart Murmor in Dogs?
Murmurs are extra heart vibrations that are produced as a result of a disturbance in the blood flow -- enough, in fact, to produce audible noise. Often, the murmurs are classified according to a variety of characteristics, including their timing. Systolic murmurs, for example, occur when the heart muscle contracts; diastolic murmurs occur when the heart muscle relaxes between beats; and continuous and to-and-fro murmurs occur throughout all or most of the cardiac cycle. Conscientious dog breeders will have their breeding stock certified free of this common congenital breeding defect found in many breeds of dogs.
What is a correct bite in Dogs?
Canine Dentition Adult dogs have 42 permanent teeth - (20 upper and 22 lower teeth)
Puppies have 28 baby (deciduous) teeth - (14 upper and 14 lower teeth)
Puppies should have 28 temporary teeth that erupt at about 3-4 weeks of age. They will eventually have 42 permanent adult teeth that begin to emerge at about 3-4 months of age. As puppies, there are 14 upper and 14 lower puppy teeth. Puppies do not have any of the molars or premolar 1.
Tooth Emergence Schedule
Incisors 4-6 weeks 3-5 months
Canine 5-6 weeks 4-6 months
Premolars 6 weeks 4-5 months
Molars 5-7 months
Teeth Types and Function
The chewing forces in the dog have been estimated to be 300 to 800 psi (pounds per square inch) as passive bite force, and with a sudden localized bite force when snapping the jaws shut of as much as 30,000 to 80,000 psi.
There are 4 types of teeth with different functions:
Incisors - used for cutting and nibbling food, scooping, picking up objects and grooming; these are the front teeth situated directly in between the canines; in adults and puppies there are 6 upper and 6 lower all in a row; the center two incisors are usually somewhat smaller and the others get larger as they move out and away from the center.
Canines - used for holding and tearing prey/food, slashing and tearing when fighting and as a cradle for the tongue; these are the large fangs; the lower canines lock in position in front of the upper canines; the canines are situated directly between the incisors and premolars; in adults and puppies there are two upper and two lower canines, one upper and lower on each side of the jaw.
Premolars - used for cutting, holding, shearing, carrying and breaking food into small pieces; these teeth are situated between the canines and molars; puppies do not have P1 teeth, only P2, P3, P4; adults have 8 premolars on the top and 8 on the bottom, 4 on each side of the upper and lower jaws.
Molars - used for grinding food into small pieces with flat occlusal tables; the molars are situated behind the premolars and are the last teeth in the back of the jaw; puppies do not have molars; adults have 4 molars on the top, two on each side of the upper jaw and 6 molars on the bottom, 3 on each side of the lower jaw.